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terms used in the AKC Standard.
The German Pinscher is a medium size, short coated dog, elegant in appearance
with a strong square build and moderate body structure, muscular and powerful
for endurance and agility. Energetic, watchful, alert, agile, fearless,
determined, intelligent and loyal, the German Pinscher has the prerequisites
to be an excellent watchdog and companion. The German Pinscher is examined
on the ground.
SIZE, PROPORTION, SUBSTANCE
Size- the ideal height at the highest point of the withers for a dog or bitch
is 17 - 20 inches. Size should be penalized in accordance with the degree it
deviates from the ideal. Quality should always take precedence over size.
Faults- under 17 inches or over 20 inches. Proportion- squarely built in
proportion of body length to height. The height at the highest point of the
withers equals the length of the body from the prosternum to the rump.
Substance- muscular with moderate bone.
HEAD AND SKULL
Powerful, elongated without the occiput being too pronounced and resembles a
blunt wedge in both frontal and profile views. The total length of the head
from the tip of the nose to the occiput is one half the length from the withers
to the base of the tail resulting in a ratio of approximately 1:2.
Expression- sharp, alert and responsive. Eyes- medium size, dark, oval in
shape without the appearance of bulging. The eyelid should be tight and the
eyeball non-protruding. Ears- set high, symmetrical, and carried erect when
cropped. If uncropped, they are V-shaped with a folding pleat, or small
standing ears carried evenly upright. Skull- flat, unwrinkled from occiput
to stop when in repose. The stop is slight but distinct. Muzzle- parallel and
equal in length to the topskull and ends in a blunt wedge. The cheeks are
muscled and flat. Nose- full, and black. Lips- black, close fitting. Bite-
strong, scissors bite with complete dentition and white teeth. Faults-
overshot or undershot bites, absence of primary molars.
NECK, TOPLINE, BODY
Neck- elegant and strong, of moderate thickness and length, nape elegantly
arched. The skin is tight, closely fitting to the dry throat without wrinkles,
sagging, or dewlaps. Topline- the withers form the highest point of the
topline, which slopes slightly toward the rear, extending in a straight line
from behind the withers, through the well-muscled loin to the faintly curved
croup. Back- short, firm, and level, muscular at the loins. Faults- long back,
not giving the appearance of squarely built, roach back, sway back. Body-
compact and strong, so as to permit greater flexibility and agility, with the
length of leg being equal to the depth of body. Loin- is well muscled. The
distance from the last rib to the hip is short. Chest- moderately wide with
well-sprung ribs, and when viewed from the front, appears to be oval. The
forechest is distinctly marked by the prosternum. The brisket descends to
the elbows and ascends gradually to the rear with the belly moderately drawn
up. Fault- excessive tuck up. Tail- moderately set and carried above the
horizontal. Customarily docked between the second and third joints.
The sloping shoulder blades are strongly muscled, yet flat and well laid back,
forming an angle of approximately 45 degrees to the horizontal. They are well
angled and slope forward, forming an approximately 90 degree angle to the
upper arm, which is equal in length to the shoulder blade. Such angulation
permits the maximum forward extension of the forelegs without binding or
effort. Forelegs- straight and well boned, perfectly vertical when viewed
from all sides, set moderately apart with elbows set close to the body.
Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed. Pasterns- firm and almost perpendicular
to the ground. Feet- short, round, compact with firm dark pads and dark nails.
The toes are well closed and arched like cat feet.
The thighs are strongly muscled and in balance with forequarters. The stifles
are well bent and well boned, with good angulation. When viewed from the rear,
the hocks are parallel to each other.
Short and dense, smooth and close lying. Shiny and covers the body without bald
spots. A hard coat should not be penalized.
Isabella (fawn), to red in various shades to stag red (red with intermingling
of black hairs), black and blues with red/tan markings. In the reds, a rich
vibrant medium to dark shade is preferred. In bi-colored dogs, sharply marked
dark and rich red/tan markings are desirable. Markings distributed as follows:
at cheeks, lips, lower jaw, above eyes, at throat, on forechest as two triangles
distinctly separated from each other, at metatarsus or pasterns, forelegs, feet,
inner side of hind legs and below tail. Pencil marks on the toes are acceptable.
Any white markings on the dog are undesirable. A few white hairs do not constitute
a marking. Disqualification: Dogs not of an allowable color.
The ground covering trot is relaxed, well balanced, powerful and uninhibited
with good length of stride, strong drive and free front extension. At the trot
the back remains firm and level, without swaying, rolling or roaching. When
viewed from the front and rear, the feet must not cross or strike each other.
Fault- hackney gait.
The German Pinscher has highly developed senses, intelligence, aptitude for
training, fearlessness, and endurance. He is alert, vigilant, deliberate and
watchful of strangers. He has fearless courage and tenacity if threatened. A
very vivacious dog, but not an excessive barker. He should not show viciousness
by unwarranted or unprovoked attacks.
*Note- Great consideration should be given to a dog giving the desired alert,
highly intelligent, vivacious character of the German Pinscher. Aggressive
behavior towards another dog is not deemed viciousness. Fault- shy.
The foregoing description is that of the ideal German Pinscher. Any deviation
from this is to be penalized to the extent of the deviation.
Disqualification: Dogs not of an allowable color.
Approved November 7, 2005
This page last updated on 7/27/2007.
Effective January 1, 2006
German Pinscher Standard on the AKC Web site corrected 7/25/2007.